How to Base Everything: Desert Bases

Basing is a critical part of the painting process. Armies on the battlefields of the 41st Millennium or the Mortal Realms will find themselves fighting across a wide variety of terrain, from lush jungles to barren rockscapes, industrial wastelands to agrarian fields. Your basing helps tell the story of your army – where are they fighting and why? In the spin-off How to Base Everything series, we look at different methods for basing your miniatures, so that you can locate them in time and space.

Just Deserts

Deserts are a great setting for wargaming. The concept of the desert planet is a common trope in science fiction, whether it’s Tattooine in Star Wars or Dune in, uh, Dune. In the real world, a number of iconic battles (and, therefore, films based on those battles) have taken place in deserts – Lawrence of Arabia and the North African Front spring to mind.

True to this tradition, the worlds of Warhammer have featured deserts heavily. The famous Battle of Tallarn in the Horus Heresy takes place on the the eponymous planet, turned into an irradiated wasteland by the Iron Warriors. In the Old World, the lands of Araby and Khemri were based on North Africa and the Middle East, which have a large number of desert and semi-desert regions, and of course the Mortal Realms contain all kinds of locales – Aqshy, the Realm of Fire, is an obvious choice for a desert landscape, but any realm could feature them. Ghur is home to the Bone Desert for example.

So how do you go about incorporating this into your basing?

Reference Material

The first thing to do is to get an idea of what kind of desert you’re looking at. The word probably conjures to mind something like the cartoon below:

Yellow sand, cactus, camels, some rocks. This is certainly a desert but it’s not the only kind. Here’s a few images of other deserts, which all look quite different (and I will point out at this juncture that yes I’m aware that Antarctica is also a desert and that not all deserts are hot, this is an article about basing not a geography lesson, just roll with it):

The Namib Desert

The Gobi Desert

The Rub’ al Khali

The Kalahari Desert

The Atacama Desert

As you can see, these are all very different looking. The Namib and the Rub’ al Khali are the most similar, but feature strikingly different colours – the Namib is much redder whereas the Rub’ al Khali is the “classic” yellow. The Gobi is a much more diverse landscape, with lots of reds, browns, and blacks, while the Kalahari features similar red soil to the Namib but has a lot more plant life. The sand in the Atacama, meanwhile, appears bleached and bone dry with lots of texture.

This gives you a lot of freedom to experiment! You can go for the plain, empty wasteland style, or use scrub bushes and trees, and a wide range of colours. Below are a number of techniques our authors use to create their own desert bases – you can try using them, or take them as inspiration for your own.


Zuul the Cat’s Desert Bases

Credit: Zuul the Cat

To me, Necrons are only as good as the ground they’re standing on and I really wanted my ground to stand out. I landed on a desert world, very much in the theme of the old Tomb King range from WHFB. Starting the bases is simple. Lay down some cork torn into various shapes and adhere to the bases with super glue. Then, use some Vallejo Ground Texture Acrylic base (I used Grey Sand, but any gritty texture will work.) While the paste is still wet, I sprinkled some crushed walnut shells into the lower recesses on the bases, pressing them into the paste a bit to make sure they stick.

I then primed all the bases with a zenithal highlight.

To paint them, I picked the following three colors: Vallejo Tan Earth, Vallejo Iraqi Sand and Screaming Skull. Start by covering the whole base with a fairly thinned down Tan Earth, then Iraqi Sand then Screaming Skull, focusing the brighter colors on the raised or exposed areas. Once that is dry, drybrush the entire thing with Iraqi Sand followed by a second, targeted drybrush of Screaming Skulls across the rocks & highest points.


Corrode’s Desert Bases

Adeptus Titanicus Warhound Titan
Adeptus Titanicus Warhound Titan. Credit: Corrode

Adeptus Titanicus Questoris Knights
Adeptus Titanicus Questoris Knights. Credit: Corrode

I use desert basing on my Adeptus Titanicus army, which is the Legio Astorum. They fought at the Battle of Tallarn (hence the little Ultramarines, Imperial Fists, and Iron Warriors who also feature) which was virus bombed by the Iron Warriors during the Horus Heresy, turning it into a desert world. I should state right up front here that I didn’t develop this technique myself – SA goon General Olloth taught me it and I have copied it shamelessly for your consumption.

The cork rocks get glued on in the building stage, and then once the model is primed I start off with the simplest of all basing techniques – slapping down a layer of Armaggedon Dunes. This creates an easy base layer of broken up earth with the appropriate colour. Once that’s dry, I throw down a bunch of washes on it – a mix of Casandora Yellow, Fuegan Orange, Agrax Earthshade, and Seraphim Sepia. What you need to do here is basically blob these on in pools, mixing each colour at the edges so that you get a variety of different shades. This will give you a multi-tonal layer which looks quite mad. After that, a little drybrushing is in order – personally I drybrush Zandri Dust, and then Screaming Skull over the top. This restores some of the yellow and evens out the colouration. Finally I give it all a thinned-down wash of Agrax Earthshade, and glue on some Gamer’s Grass dry tufts. The other bits and pieces are about storytelling – this is Tallarn, hence the Marines, who are set up in little dioramas so you can imagine them fighting battles around the titans’ feet (or, in the case of one unlucky Iron Warrior, under them).

That sounds like a bunch of steps, but really it’s very easy or a hobby idiot like me couldn’t do it.


Kevin’s Method

Regal Skull Inceptors. Credit: Kevin Genson

For my bases I wanted a dry, parched, bleached look that complemented the bone on my Regal Skulls. The effect is extremely easy to do and I think it looks great. To start I take the base and superglue on pieces of oyster shell. Oyster shell is a fantastic material because it has a ton of texture, scales well to 40K models, and is cheap. Once the shells are on the base is painted with a textured crackle paint like Games Workshop’s Agrellan Earth before the model is primed in gray. My preference is to airbrush with Badger Stynylrez in gray, which is far easier to use than it is to spell. I then airbrush Vallejo Game Air Bonewhite and then apply a wash of Army Painter Strong Tone. Any brown will work but I prefer the Army Painter series of washes. I then drybrush with VGA Bonewhite (yes, the pre-thinned airbrush paint) which provides a very interest effect where the material is both tinted and the edges are raised up. I then finish up by drybrushing in white, either user the an airbrush paint for a bit of tinting or regular paint to bring out the edges. The rim is done in a 50/50 mix of Vallejo Black and Liquitex Ink! Carbon Black; the combination provides an extremely smooth coverage. Incidentally that recipe is nearly identical for how I do the bone; the only difference is that I use Army Painter Soft Tone for the wash. You can easily expand this technique and make it your own by adding additional flora such as grass clumps, or perhaps some alien plants in a very vivid color.

Coda’s Davonic Badlands Extravaganza

Sword's of Davion Space Marine Infiltrators by Tyler "Coda" Moore
Sword’s of Davion Space Marine Infiltrators by Tyler “Coda” Moore

For this tutorial, you will need a base and a painted model, hopefully not already glued to the base. If you brought some dudes second hand and they’re already attached to their bases I recommend detaching them for this method, however you can get away with leaving them on if you are ultra brave and careful.

You Will Need

Wall filler, preferably quick drying kind. I use Selleys Spakfilla Rapid. It’s ready mixed, and can be painted on in 30min. It’s also moisture and mold resistant if you’re into that kind of thing.
Agrellan Earth
Stirland Mud
Flat black spray paint, like chaos black
Vallejo Model Colour Beige Brown
Army Painter Strong Tone
Vallejo Model Colour Iraqi Sand
Vallejo Model Colour Black Grey (this colour is very, very important. read on to find out why)
An old paint brush
Super Glue

Take a moment to consider how nice the sky looks outside. Seriously, just look for a second, empty your mind of your thoughts and take it all it with a few deep breaths. You’ll feel awesome.


Fresh, unpainted bases.
Fresh, unpainted bases. 32mm. Ready ARTFUL work.

Good job. We are already succeeding. This is going to be great, I can tell.


See them bases?

The need a SPAK-ing.

This will be called something different in other places. Go to your hardware store and show them a few photos from this article and you’ll be fine.

Behold. Greatness.

Apply it with a suitable tool, I use an old knife blade which is dangerous and stupid, I suggest an old brush would be safer and more effective.

Rust optional.

The spak provides the body to our base, allowing the texture paint, ink and dry brushing to do more effective work.

The key here is to leave a good area flat area for your models to stand on, then some interesting shapes as required.

See. Shapes!


Crackle Crackle

Put in a fair bit. The Stirland Mud adds a fine layer of grittiness while the Agrellan Earth provides as sweet crackle effect, if you put the Agrellan Earth on curing SPAK you get bigger more impressive cracks.


The thickness plays a big role in the texture paint effects. I took a shot of freshly applied texture paint so you can see the thickness I used on these.

can not oversell how fun it is to play around with the crackle textures to get different effects.

Eat them to find out.
(don’t they taste like garbo trust me on this.)

SNEAKY TIP: There are non-GW cheaper alternatives. Stirland mud can be made by adding a small amount of suitably sized sand/dirt to paint, while artist crackle medium can do what Agrellan Earth does vastly cheaper. I used these on my baseboards for my gaming table rather than buying 20 pots of Stirland/Agrellan. However the GW stuff is A: Consistent with it’s effects and B: Easy to find/obtain so I keep on using it on my bases.



Do a nice, light coat. We only need and ok seal/shade from this and we also want to preserve as much detail from the texture paints as possible.


You could honestly stop here.
If you like giving up that is.

Do a nice thin coat of Vallejo Model Colour Beige Brown. Layer is a bit of a misnomer for this step, what we are aiming for is a extremely heavy drybrush. Leave some of the black in there.


Obtain Army Painter Strong Tone (this is a citadel Agrax Earthshade equiv). Apply it. Apply it ALL. Seriously look:


When it’s dried it will look thus:



It’s round two for Beige Brown. Go for a less extreme dry brush this time, leaving plenty of the inky goodness coming though.

Dry brushing is not a crime. Seriously.


Yesssss. Don’t stop now, perfection is *just* around the corner)

Add in about Vallejo Model Colour Iraqi Sand to your Beige Brown. Try about 1 part Iraqi to 9 parts brown and give it a whirl. By whirl I mean a standard drybrush.


Add in more VMC Iraqi to the mix. Approx 2:8 Iraqi:BB. Lightly drybrush.

And there. Done. Congrats!


Sword's of Davion Space Marine Infiltrators by Tyler "Coda" Moore
Swords of Davion Space Marine Infiltrators by Tyler “Coda” Moore

Drop the model on with your fave superglue. I suggest doing a dry run with bluetak to figure out which base will suit each model before committing with the superglue. After the glue is dry finish off the entire model by painting the base rim with Vallejo Black Grey. As you can see here, Vallejo Black Grey is the ~~one true base rim colour~~ and is very important.

Congrats if you have followed the tute up to this step. Your model is done. You and it are great. Go celebrate this greatness!

TheChirurgeon’s Method

I’m not a big basing guy. I prefer to make things as simple as possible so I can move on to the next model. Therefore, Games Workshop’s Texture Paints are a real life-saver for me.

Credit: Robert “TheChirurgeon” Jones

My desert bases are more of the Atacama variety, owing to the way I do them. I start by basing the model on the base black, then I cover the base liberally with Agrellan Earthshade, the aforementioned Games Workshop Texture paint. The more you do of this, the bigger the cracks you’ll get, so I go for a medium slop. I wait for that to dry, make sure I didn’t miss any spots, and then I drubrush the whole thing with a light coat of Reaper Polished Bone. I’ll hit it with a second coat if I need to get lighter shades, and at this point I’ll also drybrush anything near the base with Zandri Dust and Reaper Polished bone in order to make it look dusty as well — it’s an easy way to tie the model to the base and make the whole thing look more rugged and weathered.

Finally just having an empty base, even with cracked earth all over it, isn’t quite enough to keep the base from looking dull so I will usually glue on a few Army Painter Wasteland Tufts from their basing kit, scattered in various places in order to give the whole thing a little more life. The results are quick and easy and look more than good enough to say “hey someone put some work into this.”

Skails’ Dry Desert Creek

I’m doing what I think of as hybrid basing, combining old style sand and rock basing with newer technical paints. My basing toolkit includes fine sand, coarse sand, sifted fine gravel, and pieces of sandstone. The sandstone is from fairly common landscaping material (at least in the United States). I happened to have some in my yard (and a 6 year old who enjoyed smashing it to bits) but I have seen similar material weathering the same way around homes and businesses. Weathering causes thin layers of various thickness to separate from larger pieces. It can be easily snapped by hand and metal tools can quickly wear down the edges for shaping.

I used this technique to base my Darkoath Chieftan. My idea was to have him standing on a rocky ledge next to a dry creek bed. The base size here is 50mm. To begin I roughly laid out sandstone pieces and snapped a long down the middle for a nice crack, then ground down the edges with pliers to simulate erosion. The stone was glued down with superglue and the gaps between stones were filled with greenstuff. Then laid out where I wanted sand and tufts before glueing them down. These tufts are Army Painter highland tufts.

Small bits of gravel were added in front bottom area and on the greenstuff with superglue. Sand was put down with PVA glue over the green stuff and also under the ledge and around the bits of gravel. Then agrellan earth was spread across the front area that was still bare base.

Pendulin’s Low-Effort Horde Deserts

For my desert-themed Skaven, I needed a quick and simple base that I could produce en masse. Something easy to create in giant batches, while still looking good individually and cohesive when viewed at a distance. After quite a bit of experimentation, I found my recipe of choice.

Skaven Clanrats
Skaven Clanrats
Credit: Pendulin

  • Step 1 – Glue slate chips to the base. I’m using 1/8 to 1/4 slate gravel I bought on Amazon, but really any type of small rock that appeals to you will work here. Using regular superglue, I typically put two pieces of gravel on a 25mm base.
  • Step 2 – Armageddon Dust texture. This texture paint from GW is the backbone for this whole base. You need to put a thick enough coat down so that it looks smooth while wet. I glob a bunch on, smooth it out, tap the base against a table to even it out even further, then use GW’s texture spreader to create some scattered channels throughout the base. I’ll then repeat “tapping the base to even it out” and “creating channels in the texture” until it’s mostly smooth, with channels easily visible in reflected light.
    Let the texture paint dry overnight.
  • Step 3 – Skrag Brown glaze for the rocks. I heavily thin down some Skrag Brown: around 4 parts flow improver/2 parts Lahmian Medium/2 parts Skrag Brown. Though all those ingredients are likely overkill, and some plain old tap water would probably work perfectly fine. You’re looking to create something like a glaze with the Skrag Brown: more pigment dense than a wash, but doesn’t coat like a paint. Slap this on those slate chips, and don’t worry too much about being clean. I purposefully let a bit encircle the stones, as I feel like it gives a good defining line between texture paint and rock.
    You want this brown paint to be thin enough that slapping a layer down causes pooling in the crevices and covers maybe 30-40% of the rock. Don’t worry if you uses too much or too little though. Trust me, it’ll look fine, and you can always experiment with more or less on your next base.
    Let this also dry before continuing.
  • Step 4 – Drybrush Karak Stone. This paint is extremely similar to the color of Armageddon Dust, but a little bit more vibrant. Drybrush Karak Stone across the entire base, including the slate chips, until there is a bit of highlight on all the raised bits of the texture. Be sure to drybrush all sides of the slate chip, as that’s how you get your defining lines on the stone that you can see at a distance.
  • Step 5 – Seraphim Sepia wash. Wash the whole base, including the stones, in a light amount of Seraphim Sepia. You want it to put it on thin enough so that you aren’t creating tiny pools of wash all over the base, but thick enough such that the ravines you sculpted in Step 2 have more than other parts. How much wash you use has a fairly large impact on the final product, and it’s something that easy enough to play around with to your liking.
  • Step 6 – Drybrush Tyrant Skull. Tread carefully with this, as too much will stand out. Get some Tyrant Skull on your brush, wipe the vast majority off, and drybrush the base (including the stones) only until you just start seeing the paint become visible, and then immediately stop for that area. This will likely only happen after a couple strokes.
    You’ll want extremely thin, yet even coverage of Tyrant Skull across the entire base, as that’s what gives it that “pop” at a distance.

Giant Rats, Packmasters, Rat Ogors, Clanrats, and Plague Monks
Giant Rats, Packmasters, Rat Ogors, Clanrats, and Plague Monks
Credit: Pendulin

As I mentioned, this is a fantastic horde base. It doesn’t require any real crafting or planning, and can easily be done in batches. If you don’t like how one particular base turned out, don’t throw it away. Go ahead and use it, and try different paint/wash/drybrush ratios on the next base. Once they are sitting next to 50+ other models with similar bases, they all blend together and any imperfections are entirely lost.

There are also tons of ways of spicing up this style of base. Tiny grass tufts, skulls, or spare weapons scattered about will all make these bases stand out even more. Maybe add tiny ponds, swamps, or putrid green bile-pools. The sky’s the limit! Well, the desert is, but still.

Wasteland-Style Goodbyes

That wraps up our tutorial on desert bases but as always, if you have any tips or tricks of your own, questions, or comments, feel free to drop us a note in the Comments section below. Or you can shoot us an email at if you want to reach us directly or have a request for a future article. We’d love to hear from you!